National Radio Television of Afghanistan Wed, 16 Aug 2017 10:44:52 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Ghazi Amanullah Khan delivers fruitful services to Afghanistan Wed, 16 Aug 2017 10:44:52 +0000 Based on the modern history of our country, Ghazi Amanullah Khan had recorded in history books his justification and honesty over his country during the three deadly wars: 1st, 2nd and 3rd Anglo – Afghan war with Britain.
The wars continued from 1839 – 1919 when Afghans finally got their political independence from Great Britain by sacrifices of thousands of our heroes and English government was forced to officially recognize political independence of Afghanistan.
After talks between Ali Ahmad Khan ‘Loynab’, Afghanistan minister of interior affairs at the time of Ghazni Amanullah Khan and Indo – British secretary of foreign affairs Hamilton Graft in Rawalpindi, Afghanistan Independence was approved in 9th of August of 1919 coinciding on the day of signing agreement of the victory of Afghanistan. But, King Amanullah Khan approved the last document of Afghanistan Independence inside the country in Zar Afshan Palace ‘today’s Zar Negar Park of Kabul, on 19th of August of 1919 and asked the nation to welcome the day as national festival in the country.
Professor Abdul Hai Habibi in his book quoted King Amanullah Khan’s statement issued by him on the occasion of celebration of 9th anniversary of Afghanistan Independence Day.
“How should we protect our freedom and independence? Can we do it by hoisting colorful and decorated flags? Well, we should enliven and create the feeling of home-lovingness and heroism in hearts of coming and future generations because we would never lose our freedom and independence if we were devotees”, King Amanullah said in his statement.
During the kingdom of Ghazi Amanullah Khan, correspondence developed, various kinds of weekly newspapers were seen and people had access to the newspapers. The first time when government newspapers were published were ‘Bidar’ in Mazar-e-Sharif, ‘Itehad-e-Mashraqi’ in Nangarhar, ‘Itefaq-e-Islam’ in Herat, ‘Islah’ in Badakhshan, Tolo-e-Afghan’ in Kandahar, Akhbar-e-Ghazi’ in Paktia and an outlet named ‘Iblagh’ in which articles related to rights and laws for freedom of women were published.
Implementation of democracy was one of key goals of King Amanullah Khan. Besides, King Amanullah Khan was able to provide the most fruitful and best services to his nation as:
* Establishment of women support association.
* Publication of Irshad-ul-Neswan magazine for women.
* Providing facility in taxes.
* Ending force works.
* Cancellation of extra taxes from crafters.
* Modernizing old accounting system of the government.
* Management and enforcement of law on encouragement for investors.
* Creation of law for selling government properties.
* Cancellation of multiple custom houses.
*  Appointment of consolers and commerce attaché in neighboring countries for providing further facilities to Afghan traders, establishment of chambers of commerce of Soviet in Kabul and signing agreements with two France and German companies for launching railway in Afghanistan.
* Making compulsory the elementary studies on all children.
* Building Amani High School and Amania High School later changed to Istiqlal.
*  Bringing effective developments in industrial, agricultural and other fields.
* Founding telephonic and telegraphic lines between Kabul and certain provinces of the country.
* Founding various factories in the country.
*  Completion of Ghazni’s Seraj dam.
* Signing various trade agreements with different countries of the world.
* Recruitment of Afghans, and other Afghan minorities in army and providing facilities of education in various vocational institutes. We can say that King Amanullah Khan ran 10 years of his kingdom successfully and with full honesty. But, finally he faced with influx and solidarity of his opponents and left Kabul and kingdom for Kandahar along with a small group of his close colleagues. With full honor we can say that King Amanullah Khan left the biggest spiritual work behind, which is our freedom and independence. May his soul be in peace.
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Dr. Abdullah off to Belarus, Kazakhstan on official visit Wed, 16 Aug 2017 06:11:22 +0000 The country’s Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah leading a high level governmental delegation left for Belarus and Kazakhstan for a three-day official visit, his office said Tuesday.
Dr. Abdullah would talk about key mutual issues with the hosting authorities and would exchange views on relation between Kabul and Minsk, said the statement.
Both sides would sign agreements on establishment of a joint economic and trade cooperation commission between the two countries as well as another agreement on legislation, according to the statement.
The CEO would also visit the industrial-productive factories of the Minsk and discuss bilateral agricultural issues.
Dr. Abdullah would also leave for Astana, part of his trip to Kazakhstan, where he would visit the 2017 expo and then take part in the Afghanistan Independence Day ceremony expected to be held in the Astana based Afghan embassy.
Both Afghan and Kazakh authorities would talk about bilateral cooperation and expansion of relations between the two countries.
The Kabul Times
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President Ghani seeking economic partnership with China Wed, 16 Aug 2017 06:05:58 +0000 Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in a meeting with the Chinese Ambassador to Kabul, Yao Jing said his country wanted to be a good economic partner with China, the presidential press office said in a statement Tuesday.
Conveying China’s President Xi Jin Ping’s message to the country’s president on Afghanistan independence day, the ambassador said his country in coordination with the Afghanistan related organs was ready to launch a study on a railway financing model of how to could connect China with Iran through railway extension via Kunduz and Mazar-e-Sharif and Herat Province, the statement said adding the optical fiber would also be extended through the railway.
The ambassador said third economic meeting was expected to be held between the two countries and his country was ready for the export of dried fruits from Afghanistan and for assessing the ground a delegation would arrive from China in Kabul, where it would discuss the export of pomegranate and marble and alabaster precious stones, according to the statement.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani said his country wanted to be a good economic partner with China and that this was the base of his country’s relations with the region and the world as according to him, economic growth was in the interest of both countries, the region and the world.
“We facing a common enemy and are jointly fighting it,” said the president and pointing to agreement signed during his visit to China, the president said that in accordance to the agreement, good economic progress has been made.
The president added Iran was ready to connect with China through Afghanistan and “We wanted to enhance economic and trade development with China and Iran, the statement quoted.
The president said the organs concerned would be directed to work on the railway financing model which connects Afghanistan with China and on extension of optic fiber which is very useful for the whole regional partners.
The president said he would order the organs concerned to get preparation for the next economic meeting expected to be held on October, the statement added.
The statement went on as saying that President Ghani welcomed China’s Ambassador for his county’s interest to import pomegranate and marble stone from Afghanistan to his country, according to the statement.
The Kabul Times
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President Ghani attends unveiling ceremony of Afghanistan military history books Wed, 16 Aug 2017 06:03:45 +0000 President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani participated and delivered speech Monday evening in an unveiling ceremony of “Afghanistan Military History” and “Homeland Architectures” books held in hall of national radio and television of Afghanistan. In the ceremony attended by a number of high-ranking government officials, writers, poets and knowledgeable figures, President Ghani in his speech while appreciating writers of the respective books said it was honored that Ali Ahmad Jalali has renewed memory and history – writing series of late Alama Habibi, Ustad Kohzad, Ghubar and other historians of the country.
“Jalali as a responsible politician of Afghanistan has put his thought and work together in the respective books”. Afghanistan Military History’ has been written in accordance to international standards and will remain as a standard book until 100 years more”, President Ghani said.
The country’s President asserted that they had problem in history writing in the past, but in the respective books such problem has been basically discussed, adding that it was needed to pay attention to other two dimensions of the history which were culture and trade of Afghanistan. “Despite that Afghanistan has been center of cultural connection for thousand years in the region, but we are fully aware of this history and it is needed to get information in this regard”, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani said, adding that he wished all young writers of Afghanistan to work in cultural and trade sector of Afghanistan history.
The country’s President instructed relevant officials to hold a seminar in connection with reviewing Afghanistan military history book so that researchers could write articles on each chapter of the book.
“If you want to build Afghanistan, then know well this country”, President Ghani stressed, adding that it was needed to have discussion related to culture of the country and youth should further make effort in this regard.
In the ceremony, head of U.S. Institute of Peace for Afghanistan Shah Mahmoud Miakhil spoke and while appreciating the country’s President, writers and cultural figures said each book had some vacuums and mistakes and the first volume of architects of homeland also had some vacuums in connection with role of women, but the vacuums have been addressed in second volume of the book.
Afterwards, Sanaullah Tasal briefed related to Afghanistan military history book and said the book hinted various military issues during the past 200 years as Anglo – Afghan wars, Soviet invasion, Taliban and US and NATO presence in Afghanistan.
He added that one of the country’s writers has written military history of Afghanistan for the first time in the country’s history.
Praising the country’s President and other participants in the ceremony, writer of military history of Afghanistan Ali Ahmad Jalali, Afghanistan ambassador to Germany said he had started writing the book 45 years ago, but he was facing with problem due to political circumstance, censorship and lack of access to first hand resources.
The Kabul Times
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Africa-Israel summit ‘justifies colonialism, apartheid’ Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:59:26 +0000 A group of Palestinian activists, academics, and civil society organisations have launched a campaign to deter African nations from partaking in the upcoming Africa-Israel summit, slated to take place in Togo in October.

Several African countries, including South Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Mauritania, have already decided to boycott the summit, where Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is set to meet leaders from more than 20 countries to rekindle a diplomatic and economic relationship. The summit will be the first of its kind.

According to activist Razan Zuayter, a campaign organiser based in Jordan, the Popular Conference for Palestinians Abroad is seeking to point out to  African countries Israel’s “dangerous” activities in the continent, such as its diamond trade, often illegally imported from Africa as revealed in a 2009 United Nations report, and its mistreatment of African minorities in Israel.

“If it [the summit] happens, we want a counter movement to emerge in Africa that can act in parallel to it,” Zuayter told Al Jazeera.

The summit, scheduled for October 23, will have leaders from Africa and Israel discuss ways to enhance cooperation in the fields of technology, development and security.

In a letter addressed to African governments and their respective embassies, the Popular Conference for Palestinians Abroad organisation called for the boycott of the summit on the basis that establishing relations with an “apartheid state” and condoning its actions against the occupied Palestinian people comes in violation of various UN conventions.

“African countries which fought colonialism for decades and became free after a long suffering should never associate themselves with the only, longest and most brutal colonial project in the world today,” the letter reads.

“In the name of justice and freedom and in the name of the African legacy of long struggle for freedom, we ask your country to disassociate from Israel’s Apartheid regime.”

Netanyahu previously pledged to strengthen ties with the continent and described his pledge as a “priority” at a regional security conference he attended in Liberia in June 2017.

“I believe in Africa, I believe in its potential- present and future. It is a continent on the rise,” he said in his address to West African leaders.

Historically, African leaders did not have warm relationships with the State of Israel. Following the 1973 October War, sub-Saharan African countries severed ties with Israel. In 2016, Netanyahu became the first Israeli leader to visit sub-Saharan Africa in almost three decades.

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India celebrates Independence Day Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:52:11 +0000

Indians have celebrated 70 years of independence with much fanfare.

The end of the British colonial rule in 1947 marked the creation of two independent states – Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

Independence Day, on August 15, is celebrated widely with flags hoisted in schools and colleges, and at government buildings and major landmarks.

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Thousands flee as air strikes hit ISIL-held Tal Afar Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:47:23 +0000 Thousands of Iraqis have fled an ISIL-held town west of Mosul as Iraqi and coalition warplanes step up strikes ahead of a ground offensive to drive out the group.

Iraqi warplanes carried out air strikes on Tuesday against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) positions in Tal Afar in preparation for a ground assault to retake the town near the Syrian border, the military said.

Plans to retake Tal Afar were announced on Monday by federal police chief Lieutenant General Raed Shakir Jawdat, who said “armoured and elite units” were headed for the town.

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Trump again blames ‘both sides’ for Virginia violence Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:36:39 +0000 US President Donald Trump declared anew on Tuesday “there is blame on both sides” for the deadly violence last weekend in Charlottesville, Virginia, appearing to once again equate the actions of white supremacist groups and those protesting against them.

The president’s comments effectively cancelled out the more conventional statement he delivered at the White House a day earlier when he branded members of the KKK, neo-Nazis and white supremacists who take part in violence as “criminals and thugs”.

Trump’s advisers had hoped those remarks might quell a crush of criticism from both Republicans and Democrats. But the president’s retorts on Tuesday suggested he had been a reluctant participant in that cleanup effort.

During an impromptu press conference in the lobby of his Manhattan skyscraper, he praised his original response to the Charlottesville clashes and angrily blamed liberal groups in addition to white supremacists for the violence.

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National Exports Strategy To Increase Exports Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:32:56 +0000 National Exports Strategy will be codified with cooperation of EU and several domestic bodies.
Tens traders held a big gathering in Herat province to codify NES. According to official, of Herat chambers of commerce and industries, with implementation of this plan, the level of the country’s exports particularly the west zone, would be increased many field. As at present according to available official data, Afghan imports are 10 pc while its exports are 10 pc.
At the same time the officials of WTC would assess Afghanistan exports problems and the way of implementation of this strategy will be paved at the end of current year. According to WTC advisor Mujeeburrahman Khatir, this strategy would improve situation of Afghanistan exports.
The officials of Herat CCI have said that there is a deep gap between imports-exports of Afghanistan, the world and the region and efforts are underway to establish balance between these two partners. They emphasize that the west zone has achieved US $250m exports to regional and world countries and this process is growing.
According to head of Herat CCI Saad Khatibi, Afghanistan imports are several times higher. In their opinion, the reason behind not improving of Afghanistan exports are lack of government support from exporters. Afghanistan annual imports is over US $ 10b while its exports are less than US $ 600m. Afghan exports items include carpets and animal and herbal products. President Ghani has already considered imbalance of our imports- exports as the biggest threat after poverty, corruption and drugs. It is believed that the Afghan government is trying to change this country to an exporter country because many ways are already paved for most products.
According to president Ghani, the Afghan government has managed to defend itself politically but so far she lacks economic independence and political independence is defected without autarky.
The Afghan MoCI has time and again announced that balance of imports-exports are important for Afghanistan economic development. According to MoCI, at present the most Afghanistan exports are taking place to Pakistan and India and efforts will be made to increase exports to other countries too.
To improve trade, Afghanistan has signed bilateral, trilateral and quadrilateral agreements with neighboring and regional countries and efforts are going on to connect Afghanistan to regional and international waters. According to MoCI, similar agreements have been proposed to Tajikistan and Uzbekistan to pave the way of Afghanistan exports improvement to these countries.
Afghanistan exports mainly include, fresh and dried fruits, medicinal herbs, carpets, fur etc but it is said that the value of exports items is more than the registered data. Because often traders and businessmen submit their balance sheetless than the real price to evade taxes.

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US Strike Kills Islamic State’s Provincial Leader In Afghanistan Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:26:31 +0000 A provincial leader of the Islamic State militant group in Afghanistan has been killed in a U.S. air strike in eastern Kunar province, Afghan and U.S. military officials confirmed here the other day.
“U.S. and Afghan Forces have confirmed the death of Kunar provincial Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-Khorasan (ISIS-K) emir, Abdul Rahman,” U.S. forces in Afghanistan said in a statement.
Rahman was killed along with three additional senior IS members on Thursday in Kunar’s Dara-e-Pech district, the statement added.
Abdul Rahman was a potential candidate to become the IS leader in Afghanistan following Abu Sayed’s death in a U.S airstrike last month.
“The death of Abdul Rahman deals yet another blow to the senior leadership of ISIS-K,” said General John Nicholson, Commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan. “He found out just like those before him that there are no safe havens in Afghanistan.”
U.S. and Afghan forces have been engaged in joint- counterterrorism operations against IS in eastern Afghanistan. American and Afghan military forces have promised to eliminate IS in Afghanistan in 2017.
Hundreds of IS fighters, including several senior commanders, have been killed in recent months.

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