Islamic eschatology

Islamic eschatology is the branch of Islamic theology concerning the end of history, a time known as Yawm al-Qiyāmah (Arabic: يوم القيامة‎‎, IPA: [jawm ulqijaːma], “the Day of Resurrection”) or Yawm ad-Dīn (يوم الدين, Arabic pronunciation: [yawm ud.diːn], “the Day of Judgment”).[1] when the annihilation of all life will be followed by its resurrection and judgment by Allah. When al-Qiyamah will happen is not specified, but according to prophecy there are major and minor signs that will foretell its coming.[2][3] Many verses in the Quran mention the Last Judgment.[4][5]

The main subject of Surat al-Qiyama is the resurrection. The Great Tribulation is described in the hadith and commentaries of the ulama, including al-Ghazali, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Majah, Muhammad al-Bukhari, and Ibn Khuzaymah.[6][7] The Day of Judgment is also known as the Day of Reckoning, the Last Day, and the Hour (al-sā’ah).[8][9][10][11]

The hadith are more specific than the Quran, and describe twelve major signs of al-Qiyamah. At the time of judgment, terrible corruption and chaos will rule. Isa (Jesus) and the Mahdi are central characters in events near the time. The Mahdi will have established a seven-year rule in Medina at which time Jesus will descend from Heaven and battle Masih ad-Dajjal (the Antichrist in Islam). The Mahdi and Jesus will triumph and liberate Islam from cruelty. These events will be followed by a time of serenity when people live according to religious values.[12]

Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam teaches that there will be a resurrection of the dead followed by a final tribulation and eternal division of the righteous and wicked.[13] Islamic apocalyptic literature describing Armageddon is often known as fitna, Al-Malhama Al-Kubra (The Great Massacre), or ghaybah in Shī’a Islam. The righteous are rewarded with the pleasures of Jannah (Paradise), while the unrighteous are punished in Jahannam (Hell).

About the author

Khwaja Yahya